Accutane isotretinoin

Brand name

Accutane

Generic name

isotretinoin

Side effects of Accutane

  • dry skin
  • itching
  • rash
  • dry nose
  • nosebleeds
  • cracks in the corners of the mouth
  • dry mouth
  • dry lips
  • cracking or peeling skin
  • inflammation of the whites of the eyes
  • dry eyes
  • joint pain
  • back pain
  • dizziness
  • drowsiness
  • nervousness
  • changes in your fingernails or toenails

Warning for Accutane

CONTRAINDICATIONS AND WARNINGS

Accutane (isotretinoin) must not be used by female patients who are or may become pregnant. There is an extremely high risk that severe birth defects will result if pregnancy occurs while taking Accutane (isotretinoin) in any amount, even for short periods of time. Potentially any fetus exposed during pregnancy can be affected. There are no accurate means of determining whether an exposed fetus has been affected.

Birth defects which have been documented following Accutane (isotretinoin) exposure include abnormalities of the face, eyes, ears, skull, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, and thymus and parathyroid glands. Cases of IQ scores less than 85 with or without other abnormalities have been reported. There is an increased risk of spontaneous abortion, and premature births have been reported.

Documented external abnormalities include: skull abnormality; ear abnormalities (including anotia, micropinna, small or absent external auditory canals); eye abnormalities (including microphthalmia); facial dysmorphia; cleft palate. Documented internal abnormalities include: CNS abnormalities (including cerebral abnormalities, cerebellar malformation, hydrocephalus, microcephaly, cranial nerve deficit); cardiovascular abnormalities; thymus gland abnormality; parathyroid hormone deficiency. In some cases death has occurred with certain of the abnormalities previously noted.

If pregnancy does occur during treatment of a female patient who is taking Accutane (isotretinoin) , Accutane (isotretinoin) must be discontinued immediately and she should be referred to an Obstetrician-Gynecologist experienced in reproductive toxicity for further evaluation and counseling.

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